If you find yourself spending
hours coding, recoding and
coding again, know that
there are some benefits to
A Web application framework is designed
to support the development of
dynamic websites, Web applications
and Web services. The reason to use a
framework is to make writing code,
Frameworks are wonders of the
modern world of development and design. Results are seen in the reduction of time
spent on numerous common activities (many frameworks provide libraries
for database access, templating frameworks and session management,
and even to facilitate code reuse).
There are many benefits to using a framework. Efficiency is
the draw for most developers — what could have taken hours
can be done quickly, thanks to pre-built functions.
Cost is another attraction. Most frameworks are free, which
results in a lower cost for the project — for the client as well as
for the developer.
There are, of course, some downsides to using frameworks –
perhaps why more developers don’t use them at all. The primary
drawback is the limitation of the core behavior. When you use a
framework, you need to work within its limits and work exactly
the way it requires you to.
Another issue with frameworks is that developers who may
just be starting out tend to learn their way around the framework
itself, but not the language. All that said, there are many
frameworks that can benefit one’s future Web apps, services
framework in terms of overall usage. As mentioned here before,
that simplifies HTML document traversing, event handling, animating
and even Ajax interactions for Web development.
MooTools (mootools.net) and Prototype (prototypejs.org) are
PHP is arguably the most widely used programming language
on the Web today. There are numerous PHP frameworks on the
market for coders looking for both simple and elegant toolkits to create high-functioning, full-featured Web applications.
CodeIgniter (codeigniter.com), CakePHP (cakephp.org), Zend
(framework.zend.com) and Symfony (symfony-project.org) are
four of the most widely recognized frameworks for working with
and coding in PHP.
e-Tip: Innovators in HTML5
Web designers the world over have caught the
HTML5 fever. Visit Website Magazine’s HTML5
showcase to find inspiration
for your next project.
Ruby on Rails is an open-source Web application framework that
is used for the Ruby programming language. Ruby on Rails
(RoR) includes templates to enable developers to generate a
skeleton application with custom gems and configurations, engines
that let a developer reuse application pieces, and the Rack
Web service interface and Metal which allow for writing optimized
pieces of code that route around ActionController.
Well-known alternatives include Padrino
(padrinorb.com) and Bowline (bowlineapp.
A CSS framework is a library that is
meant to allow for easier, more standards-
compliant styling of a webpage
using the Cascading Style Sheets language.
Similar to programming and
scripting language libraries, CSS frameworks
package a number of ready-made
options for designing and outlaying a
webpage. Some of the most popular CSS
frameworks include BluePrint (blueprintcss.
org), 960 Grid (960.gs) and
Elastic (elasticcss.com). Another is YUI2.
The foundational YUI grids offer four
preset page widths, six preset templates,
and the ability to stack and nest subdivided
regions of multiple columns.
Perhaps more than any other medium (the
Web included), mobile dominates the attention
of developers these days and for
good reasons: high use and big profits.
There are several popular mobile frameworks
on the market including DHTMLX
Touch (dhtmlx.com/touch/), an HTML5-
apps, and iWebKit from SnippetSpace,
which is a file package designed to help developers
create iPhone- and iPad-compatible
websites and Web applications.
Framework in Focus — Laker
If you’re interested in having the ability to distribute
publications for the iPhone and iPad including digital
magazines, catalogs, or anything else you can
imagine, check out Laker Compendium. Laker is a
collection of files, frameworks, styles and tips for
designing digital publications in HTML5. Its ease of
use and general elegance caught our attention and
while perhaps not the most robust solution on the
market, it does have some exceptional features for
those looking to get a leg up in a more app-friendly
environment. Features include the ability for the
layout to scale automatically depending on screen
size and orientation. Also with Laker, developers
are able to have a framework which lets users
swipe to change pages, double tap to show a table
of contents, implement native looking slideshows,
and include media and assets (e.g. sound, videos,
images). The best part? No Web server required.